[18] In 774, a new reconstruction accompanied by modifications and embellishments[19] took place under the direction of the Abbasid governor Yazid ibn Hatim. SFCG_Tunisia 5,257 views. Dans la partie gauche du plan on trouve la salle de prière. 1. Imp… Behind the openwork hint, there is an oldest niche on which several assumptions were formulated. It is formed by an oven-shaped niche framed by two marble columns and topped by a painted wooden half-cupola. Tunis, 1984, ÿÿ ÿÿ ÿÿ l b b b b 2 æ$ æ$ æ$ æ$ 4 % | 2 V ¼ ¢% ´&. 1. La Grande Mosquée de Kairouan a été érigée en 670, ce qui correspond à l'an 50 de l'hégire, le calendrier musulman. [48] It is located inside the enclosure and does not have direct access from the outside. [90], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}35°40′53″N 10°06′14″E / 35.68139°N 10.10389°E / 35.68139; 10.10389, Wilfrid Knapp and Nevill Barbour, North West Africa : a political and economic survey, The Mosque of Uqba, one of the few religious buildings of Islam has remained intact almost all of its architectural and decorative elements, is due to the richness of its repertoire which is a veritable museum of Islamic decorative art and architecture. [50] The greater part of the minaret dates from the time of the Aghlabid princes in the ninth century. [61] They cross with right angle in front of the mihrab, this device, named "T shape", which is also found in two Iraqi mosques in Samarra (around 847) has been adopted in many North African and Andalusian mosques where it became a feature. This dome, whose construction goes back to the first half of the ninth century (towards 836), is one of the oldest and most remarkable domes in the western Islamic world. Plan de Kairouan publié par un voyageur britannique (1882). Je laisse Lamaâ gérer ça pendant que je commence à filmer ! [59], The prayer hall is located on the southern side of the courtyard; and is accessed by 17 carved wooden doors. This reflects the fact that, unlike the rest of the mosque, the enclosure has undergone significant changes to ensure the stability of the building (adding many buttresses). [12][37] However, Arab geographers and historians of the Middle Ages Al-Muqaddasi and Al-Bakri reported the existence, around the tenth and eleventh centuries, of about ten gates named differently from today. It is one of the oldest places of worship in the Islamic world, and is a model for all later mosques in the Maghreb. Their edges, obtained from the lower parts of ancient cored columns,[47] support the string grooves back the buckets. kairouan.org le portail de référence, vous allez découvrir un patrimoine culturel et historique impressionnant de la ville de Kairouan classée héritage mondial par l’Unesco et prix Agha Khan d’architecture.. Plus de 600 pages web 350 rubriques et près de 2.000 images ! Kairouan est fondée par Okba Ibn Nafaâ en 670, malgré l'hostilité des populations berbères, qui se révoltèrent sous la conduite de la prophétesse Al Kahéna. Among the authors who have written on the subject and whose stories have survived[31] are Al-Bakri (Andalusian geographer and historian who died in 1094 and who devoted a sufficiently detailed account of the history of the mosque in his book Description of Septentrional Africa), Al-Nuwayri (historian who died in Egypt, 1332) and Ibn Nagi (scholar and historian of Kairouan who died around 1435). 45, n°1, pages 103 and 105, 2007, Okba Ibn Nafaa Mosque in Kairouan (Mosque of Uqba) website, Panoramic visit of the Great Mosque of Kairouan, Sacred Destinations : Great Mosque of Kairouan, Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qantara Mediterranean Heritage), Video of the mihrab of the Great Mosque of Kairouan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Great_Mosque_of_Kairouan&oldid=995123092, 7th-century establishments in the Umayyad Caliphate, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with dead external links from October 2017, Articles with dead external links from April 2019, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Enclosure and gates of the Mosque of Uqba, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 10:21. Elle a servi de modèle aux autres mosquées de … The beginning of each surah is indicated by a band consisting of a golden stylised leafy foliage, dotted with red and blue, while the verses are separated by silver rosettes. [12] The corner towers measuring 4.25 metres on each side are buttressed with solid projecting supports. Mais ils furent contraints de céder et Kairouan devint capitale. The latter, which its hemispherical cap is cut by 24 concave grooves radiating around the top,[75] is based on ridged horns shaped shell and a drum pierced by eight circular windows which are inserted between sixteen niches grouped by two. Other works of art such as the crowns of light (circular chandeliers) made in cast bronze, dating from the Fatimid-Zirid period (around the tenth to the early eleventh century), originally belonged to the furniture of the mosque. [Georges Marçais] Home. [82] Among all the pulpits of the Muslim world, it is certainly the oldest example of minbar still preserved today. [60] Some capitals were carved for the mosque, but others come from Roman or Byzantine buildings (dating from the second to sixth century) and were reused. Around 690, shortly after its construction, the mosque was destroyed[15] during the occupation of Kairouan by the Berbers, originally conducted by Kusaila. Il érigea la grande mosquée de Kairouan, qui demeure l'un des plus prestigieux monuments de l'Islam. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. It consists of three tapering levels, the last of which is topped with a small ribbed dome that was most probably built later than the rest of the tower. At the end of the nineteenth century, the French writer Guy de Maupassant expresses in his book La vie errante (The Wandering Life), his fascination with the majestic architecture of the Great Mosque of Kairouan as well as the effect created by countless columns: "The unique harmony of this temple consists in the proportion and the number of these slender shafts upholding the building, filling, peopling, and making it what it is, create its grace and greatness. [8] Its role at the time can be compared to that of the University of Paris in the Middle Ages. Le mur extérieur situé tout à gauche est le mur de la qiblâ qui indique la direction de La Mecque. Among the finest works of this series, the pages of the Blue Qur'an, currently exhibited at Raqqada National Museum of Islamic Art, from a famous Qur'an in the second half of the fourth century of the Hegira (the tenth century) most of which is preserved in Tunisia and the rest scattered in museums and private collections worldwide. [17] During this expansion, he pulled down the mosque and rebuilt it with the exception of the mihrab. A legend says they could not count them without going blind. Oxford, 1977, [89], In addition to studies on the deepening of religious thought and Maliki jurisprudence, the mosque also hosted various courses in secular subjects such as mathematics, astronomy, medicine and botany. Thus, the mosque, headquarters of a prestigious university with a large library containing a large number of scientific and theological works, was the most remarkable intellectual and cultural centre in North Africa during the ninth, tenth and eleventh centuries. The rainwater collector or impluvium, probably the work of the Muradid Bey Mohamed Bey al-Mouradi (1686–1696), is an ingenious system that ensures the capture (with the slightly sloping surface of the courtyard) then filtering stormwater at a central basin furnished with horseshoe arches sculpted in white marble. [58] From the outside, the dome of the mihrab is based on an octagonal drum with slightly concave sides, raised on a square base, decorated on each of its three southern, Easter and western faces with five flat-bottomed niches surmounted by five semi-circular arches,[24][58] the niche in the middle is cut by a lobed oculus enrolled in a circular frame. »[22]. It is the oldest minaret in the Muslim world,[53][54] and it is also the world's oldest minaret still standing. The dome of the mihrab is based on an octagonal drum with slightly concave sides, raised on a square base, decorated on each of its three southern, Easter and western faces with five flat-bottomed niches surmounted by five semi-circular arches,[24][58] the niche in the middle is cut by a lobed oculus enrolled in a circular frame. [80] Above the marble cladding, the mihrab niche is crowned with a half dome-shaped vault made of manchineel bentwood. The building is a vast slightly irregular quadrilateral covering some 9,000 m2. Mahmoud Bouali, « Il y a près de trois siècles, un tourisme éminemment éclairé Â», Courte biographie sur Thomas Shaw (Société des anglicistes de l’enseignement supérieur), Kairouan n’était pas une ville interdite (Capitale de la culture islamique 2009), The influence of Kairouan on art and literature (Capital of Islamic culture 2009), Fragment de bois à décor d’arcatures d’époque hafside (Qantara), Coupole du Bahou de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan, Cour et minaret de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan, Minaret de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan (Qantara). Mohamed Kerrou, « Quartiers et faubourgs de la médina de Kairouan. The niche of the mihrab is two metres long, 4.5 metres high and 1.6 metres deep. The main minaret is centered on the north. Date: 8 May 2010, 04:52:52: Source: originally posted to Flickr as Mosque of Oqba (The Great Mosque), Kairouan: Author: chococliff: Permission (Reusing this file) Révisez en Cinquième : Exercice fondamental Compléter le schéma d'une mosquée avec Kartable ️ Programmes officiels de l'Éducation nationale [24] Around 862–863, Emir Abu Ibrahim enlarged the oratory, with three bays to the north, and added the cupola over the arched portico which precedes the prayer hall. The courtyard is a vast trapezoidal area whose interior dimensions are approximately 67 by 52 metres. [49], The door giving access to the minaret is framed by a lintel and jambs made of recycled carved friezes of antique origin. It was rebuilt by the Ghassanid general Hasan ibn al-Nu'man in 703. 69–77. It consists of regular layers of carefully cut rubble stone, thus giving the work a stylistically admirable homogeneity and unity. [45] The northern part of the courtyard is paved with flagstones while the rest of the floor is almost entirely composed of white marble slabs. [72] The shafts of the columns are carved in marble of different colors and different backgrounds. A portico with double row of arches precede the spacious prayer hall, which takes the shape of a rectangle of 70.6 metres in width and 37.5 metres' depth. La Mosquée de Barb[er,] Kairouan Summary Courtyard of the Mosque of the Barber, Qayrawān, Tunisia. [39], Wall and porches on the west facade (south side), Close view of one of the entrances of the west facade, View of the middle of the southern facade, Gate of Bab Lalla Rihana (late thirteenth century), Close view of the lower part of Bab Lalla Rihana, Blind arcade decorating the upper part of Bab Lalla Rihana. Date: 23 February 2012, 09:27:09: Source: Flickr: marble arch: Author: James Rose: The intermediary area, the dodecagonal drum of the dome, is pierced by sixteen small rectangular windows set into rounded niches. The latest, dated the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries (mostly dating from the time of the Muradid Beys), are distinguished by an epigraphic decoration consists of long black and red texts on olive green background to those painted from 1618 to 1619, under the reign of Murad I Bey (1613–1631), while those back to the eighteenth century have inscriptions in white naskhi script on an orange background. Among the Western travelers, poets and writers who visited Kairouan, some of them leave impressions and testimonies sometimes tinged with emotion or admiration on the mosque. [60] The wooden rods, which usually sink to the base of the transom, connect the columns together and maintain the spacing of the arches, thus enhancing the stability of all structures which support the ceiling of the prayer hall.[74]. [25] In 875 Emir Ibrahim II built another three bays, thereby reducing the size of the courtyard which was further limited on the three other sides by the addition of double galleries. J-C.), la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan (al-Jama’ al-kabîr) est le plus ancien lieu de culte de l’Occident musulman. [66] This sumptuous door, which has four leaves richly carved with geometric motifs embossed on the bottom of foliages and interlacing stars, is decorated at the typanum by a stylised vase from which emerge winding stems and leaves. À peine sortis du louage, le taxi collectif de la Tunisie, nous avons pu admirer la muraille de la médina. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. [62], The central nave, a sort of triumphal alley which leads to the mihrab,[63] is significantly higher and wider than the other sixteen aisles of the prayer hall. The covering of the prayer hall consists of painted ceilings decorated with vegetal motifs and two domes: one raised at the beginning of the central nave and the other in front of the mihrab. Les mosquées ne sont pas décorées de statues ni de peintures représentant des personnages. [39] Despite its construction at the end of the thirteenth century, Bab Lalla Rihana blends well with all of the building mainly dating from the ninth century. During this period, the Great Mosque of Kairouan was both a place of prayer and a centre for teaching Islamic sciences under the Maliki current. It is a cedar wood fence finely sculpted and carved on three sides with various geometric motifs measuring 2.8 metres tall, eight metres long and six metres wide. The university, consisting of scholars who taught in the mosque, was a centre of education both in Islamic thought and in the secular sciences. Several centuries after its founding, the Great Mosque of Kairouan is the subject of numerous descriptions by Arab historians and geographers in the Middle Ages. The portico on the south side of the courtyard, near the prayer hall, includes in its middle a large dressed stone pointed horseshoe arch which rests on ancient columns of white veined marble with Corinthian capitals. One may conceivably compare its role to that of the University of Paris during the Middle Ages. The stories concern mainly the different phases of construction and expansion of the sanctuary, and the successive contributions of many princes to the interior decoration (mihrab, minbar, ceilings, etc.). »[36], Today, the enclosure of the Great Mosque of Kairouan is pierced by nine gates (six opening on the courtyard, two opening on the prayer hall and a ninth allows access to the maqsura) some of them, such as Bab Al-Ma (gate of water) located on the western façade, are preceded by salient porches flanked by buttresses and surmounted by ribbed domes based on square tholobate which are porting squinches with three vaults. [14] Access to the courtyard by six side entrances dating from the ninth and thirteenth centuries. According to the German archaeologist Christian Ewert, the special arrangement of reused columns and capitals surrounding the mihrab obeys to a well-defined program and would draw symbolically the plan of the Dome of the Rock. The minaret served as a watchtower, as well as to call the faithful to prayer. Search. [50] There are stone blocks from the Roman period that bear Latin inscriptions. C’est un monument situé à l’extérieur de la médina de Kairouan, il est idéalement placé à l’entrée de la ville de sorte qu’il attire forcément les regards. Cour de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan 1 photographic print. Search. On additions and embellishments made to the building by the Aghlabid emir Abu Ibrahim, Ibn Nagi gives the following account: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, « He built in the mosque of Kairouan the cupola that rises over the entrance to the central nave, together with the two colonnades which flank it from both sides, and the galleries were paved by him. These are the oldest fund of Maliki legal literature to have survived.[87]. Comme nous nous y attendions, notre « guide » veut nous faire entrer dans une boutique. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. English: Interior view of the portico located on the western side of the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Kairouan, in Tunisia. [22][23] At the same time, the mihrab's ribbed dome was raised on squinches. Wooden brackets offer a wide variety of style and decor in the shape of a crow or a grasshopper with wings or fixed, they are characterised by a setting that combines floral painted or carved, with grooves. These polycandelons, now scattered in various Tunisian museums including Raqqada, consist of three chains supporting a perforated brass plate, which has a central circular ring around which radiate 18 equidistant poles connected by many horseshoe arches and equipped for each of two landmarks flared. La mosquée, monument symbolisant l'extension territoriale de l'Islam. [16] With the gradual increase of the population of Kairouan and the consequent increase in the number of faithful, Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik, Umayyad Caliph in Damascus, charged his governor Bishr ibn Safwan to carry out development work in the city, which included the renovation and expansion of the mosque around the years 724–728. Situation: Kairouan en Tunisie (Maghreb) Dates de construction: début en 670, fin au IX° siècle Architecte : inconnu. In the history of Art, its three-storey minaret is considered such a masterpiece and a model among the most prestigious monuments of Muslim architecture. Linda Kay Davidson and David Martin Gitlitz, Minaret of the Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qantara), Minaret de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan, Coupole du mihrab de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan, Salle de prière de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan, Présentation de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan (Qantara). Français : Façade de la salle de prière et cour de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan également appelée mosquée Oqba Ibn Nafi. It is surrounded at its upper part by 139 lusterware tiles (with a metallic sheen), each one is 21.1 centimetres square and they are arranged on the diagonal in a chessboard pattern. [88], At the time of its greatest splendor, between the ninth and eleventh centuries AD, Kairouan was one of the greatest centres of Islamic civilisation and its reputation as a hotbed of scholarship covered the entire Maghreb. It was under his auspices that the construction of the minaret began. Le plan de la mosquée reprend le plan de la maison de Mahomet à Médine. Voici un fichier Word qui présente, à l’aide de plusieurs photographies, la grande mosquée de Kairouan. In addition to its spiritual prestige,[3] the Mosque of Uqba is one of the masterpieces of Islamic architecture,[4][5][6] notable among other things for the first Islamic use of the horseshoe arch. The transmission of knowledge was assured by prominent scholars and theologians which included Sahnun ibn Sa'id and Asad ibn al-Furat, eminent jurists who contributed greatly to the dissemination of the Maliki thought, Ishaq ibn Imran and Ibn al-Jazzar in medicine, Abu Sahl al-Kairouani and Abd al-Monim al-Kindi in mathematics. [13] Despite the austere façades, the rhythmic patterns of buttresses and towering porches, some surmounted by cupolas, give the sanctuary a sense of striking sober grandeur. Bien que la représentation figurée ne soit pas interdite dans le Coran, elle ne trouve pas sa place dans les mosquées1. He then made the mihrab. Editions Henri Laurens, In 1967, major restoration works, executed during five years and conducted under the direction of the National Institute of Archeology and Art, were achieved throughout the monument, and were ended with an official reopening of the mosque during the celebration of the Mawlid of 1972.[30]. [40][41] It is surrounded on all its four sides by a portico with double rows of arches, opened by slightly horseshoe arches supported by columns in various marbles, in granite or in porphyry, reused from Roman, Early Christian or Byzantine monuments particularly from Carthage. [78], The mosque's mihrab, whose decor is a remarkable witness of Muslim art in the early centuries of Islam, is distinguished by its harmonious composition and the quality of its ornaments. [60], The hypostyle hall is divided into 17 aisles of eight bays, the central nave is wider, as well as the bay along the wall of the qibla. Activités éducatives (Carte Interactive): schéma d'une mosquée (histoire - cinquieme - islam) - Le schéma d'une mosquée pour repérer les différentes parties caractéristiques de l'architecture de ce lieu de culte musulman. La grande mosquée de Kairouan. La mosquée du Barbier, connue sous le nom de mausolée de Sidi Sahab, est une zaouïa tunisienne située à Kairouan. [60], View of the gallery which precedes the prayer hall, One of the seventeen carved-wood doors of the prayer hall, Close view of the upper part of the main door of the prayer hall, View of the central nave of the prayer hall, View of two of the secondary naves of the prayer hall, View of the mihrab located in the middle of the qibla wall of the prayer hall, In the prayer hall, the 414 columns of marble, granite or porphyry[69] (among more than 500 columns in the whole mosque),[70] taken from ancient sites in the country such as Sbeitla, Carthage, Hadrumetum and Chemtou,[60] support the horseshoe arches. [56] Despite its massive form and austere decoration, it nevertheless presents a harmonious structure and a majestic appearance. Fondée en 670, la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan est un des plus prestigieux sanctuaires musulmans au monde. The wall of the mihrab is covered with 28 panels of white marble, carved and pierced, which have a wide variety of plant and geometric patterns including the stylised grape leaf, the flower and the shell. Le long de ce mur, à l’intérieur de la salle de prière, sont indiqués deux éléments architecturaux fondamentaux dans une mosquée :- le mihrab, niche symbolisant la présence de Mahomet ;- le mimbar, endroit où est lu le Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. V, 1969, pp. [13][14], At the foundation of Kairouan in 670, the Arab general and conqueror Uqba ibn Nafi (himself the founder of the city) chose the site of his mosque in the center of the city, near the headquarters of the governor. La grande mosquée de Kairouan se trouve à Kairouan, en Tunisie.Elle a été bâtie dans la seconde moitié du VIIe siècle par Obka ibn Nafi, le fondateur de la ville.Elle a été reconstruite au IX e siècle pendant la dynastie aghlabide.. Présentation a) La mosquée Nom : mosquée de Kairouan ou mosquée Oqba Ibn Nafi en souvenir de son fondateur. [12] The monumental entrance, work of the Hafsid sovereign Abu Hafs `Umar ibn Yahya (reign from 1284 to 1295),[38] is entered in a salient square, flanked by ancient columns supporting horseshoe arches and covered by a dome on squinches. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. [52][57], View of the second and third storeys of the minaret, Close view of one of the Roman stones (with Latin inscriptions) reused at the base of the minaret, Wall and windows of the south facade of the minaret, The Mosque has several domes, the largest being over the mihrab and the entrance to the prayer hall from the courtyard. [Paul Sebag; Evelyn Hofer] Home. Malgré le transfert de la capitale politique à Tunis au XII e siècle, Kairouan est restée la première ville sainte du Maghreb. The courtyard façade (or south façade) of the tower is pierced with windows that provide light and ventilation,[52] while the other three façades—facing north, east and west—are pierced with small openings in the form of arrowslits. Grande Mosquée de Kairouan - J-A Brutails - Université Bordeaux Montaigne - 1692.jpg 3,140 × 4,509; 1.05 MB Kairouan Minaret (39733812671).jpg 1,024 × 768; 159 KB Vue aérienne de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan - aerial view of Kairouan's Great Mosque.jpg 1,700 × 949; 1.2 MB [42] The great central arch of the south portico, is flanked on each side by six rhythmically arranged horseshoe arches, which fall on twin columns backed by pillars. Ce fichier se présente sous la forme d’un jeu de piste : après avoir trouvé la définition du mot mosquée, et situé la ville de Kairouan, (à l’aide du manuel Hatier) les élèves commencent leur visite en passant la porte. Centre italien d’études du haut Moyen Âge, Lucien Golvin, « Le mihrab de Kairouan Â», Kunst des Orients, vol. ÐÏࡱá > þÿ þÿÿÿ There are large rents for the maintenance of teachers. Fondée en même temps que la ville de Kairouan par les conquérants (ghuzât) musulmans, en l’an 50 de l’Hégire (670 ap. ! Lucien Golvin, « Quelques réflexions sur la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan à la période des Aghlabides Â». [12], During the thirteenth century, new gates were opened, the most remarkable, Bab Lalla Rihana dated from 1293, is located on the eastern wall of the enclosure. Considered as the oldest example of concave mihrab, it dates in its present state to 862–863 AD.[79]. The three chains, connected by a suspension ring, are each fixed to the plate by an almond-shaped finial. [26], The current state of the mosque can be traced back to the Aghlabid period—no element is earlier than the ninth century besides the mihrab—except for some partial restorations and a few later additions made in 1025 during the Zirid period,[27] 1248 and 1293–1294 under the reign of the Hafsids,[28] 1618 at the time of Muradid beys,[29] and in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. However given the natural lay of the land crossed by several tributaries of the wadis, the urban development of the city spread southwards. The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Arabic: جامع القيروان الأكبر ‎), also known as the Mosque of Uqba (جامع عقبة بن نافع), is a mosque situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan, Tunisia and is one of the most impressive and largest Islamic monuments in North Africa.. Fondée en même temps que la ville de Kairouan par les conquérants (ghuzât) musulmans, en l’an 50 de l’Hégire (670 ap. Coupole et plafonds de la grande mosquée de Kairouan. The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Arabic: جامع القيروان الأكبر‎), also known as the Mosque of Uqba (جامع عقبة بن نافع), is a mosque situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan, Tunisia and is one of the most impressive and largest Islamic monuments in North Africa.[1]. [48] The minaret, in its present aspect, dates largely from the early ninth century, about 836 AD. Covered with a thick coating completely painted, the concavity of the arch is decorated with intertwined scrolls enveloping stylised five-lobed vine leaves, three-lobed florets and sharp clusters, all in yellow on midnight blue background.[81]. The horseshoe arch of the mihrab, stilted and broken at the top, rest on two columns of red marble with yellow veins, which surmounted with Byzantine style capitals that carry two crossbeams carved with floral patterns, each one is decorated with a Kufic inscription in relief. L' INP lance un Appel d'Offres International pour la restauration de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan et ses abords.Le Gouvernement Tunisien a obtenu un don dans le cadre de l'appui au domaine du patrimoine par le Fond saoudien pour le développement "FSD" et conformément aux dispositions et aux conditions du mémorandum en date du 27 juillet 2017 conclu entre ce partenaire et la … [46] Freed from its impurities, the water flows into an underground cistern supported by seven-metre-high pillars. [77], The mihrab, which indicates the Qibla (direction of Mecca), in front of which stands the imam during the prayer, is located in the middle of the southern wall of the prayer hall. À travers le monde musulman, les mosquées sont toutes bâties sur ce plan, même si la décoration varie. EVOLUTION ET TRANSFORMATION DE LA MOSQUEE DE KAIRAOUAN Lors de la fondation de Kairouan en 670, le général et conquérant arabe Oqba Ibn Nafi (luimême fondateur de la ville) choisit l’emplacement de sa mosquée au centre de la cité, à proximité du siège du gouverneur. It is bordered on each side of a double row of arches rested on twin columns and surmounted by a carved plaster decoration consisting of floral and geometric patterns. La Grande Mosquée de Kairouan - Lieux Saints et Sites sacrés de Tunisie - Duration: 4:53. Français : Vue intérieure du portique situé du côté occidental de la cour de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan, en Tunisie. "Soha Gaafar et Marwa Mourad, « La Grande Mosquée de Kairouan, un maillon clé dans l'histoire de l'architecture Â», Lucien Golvin, « Quelques réflexions sur la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan à la période des Aghlabides Â», pp. Their use probably dates to the work done under the Umayyad governor Bishr ibn Safwan in about 725 AD, and they have been reused at the base of the tower. Carefully executed in relief, it represents one of the most beautiful epigraphic bands of Islamic art. For all these reasons, the mosque which once occupied the center of the medina when first built in 670 is now on the easternmost quarter abutting the city walls. The horizontal sundial located in the courtyard, One of the courtyard's capitals surmounted by a small vertical sundial, Detail of arches and columns of the north portico of the courtyard, View of the impluvium which collects the rainwater and feeds the underground cistern, The minaret, which occupies the centre of the northern façade of the complex's enclosure, is 31.5 metres tall and is seated on a square base of 10.7 metres on each side.